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Primary Documents

A primary goal of the Society is to provide easy access to primary sources about the Scouts. We focus on transcribing and posting military correspondence and records between 1870-1914 that provide detailed information about the Scouts, their families, and their efforts to secure a permanent and safe place to live. These same documents provide perspectives about the origins of the Seminole Negro Indian Scouts and their interactions with the U.S. Government and Military.

Origins of the Seminole Negro Indian Scouts

This booklet contains 50 transcribed letters that provide firsthand contemporary accounts of how the Seminole Negroes negotiated service as Scouts to support themselves while waiting for transit from Texas back to “Indian Territory” (modern-day Oklahoma). This is the only work of its kind, as it shows the origins of the Scouts and the evolution of their journey in detail through original documentation from Library of Congress records that have never been transcribed and made available before. 


Click the image to read an except. The complete booklet is available for purchase in the Store.


These first six letters document the creation of the Scouts, starting from military reports about the initial discussions with the Seminole Negroes living in Mexico to the first Muster-In-Roll of the first 11 Seminole Negro Indian Scouts at Fort Duncan, TX.
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Degress to Whom_Mar 17_1870_lightened M6
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1_Bliss_July 14_1870_Letters return Kick
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Riding with the Scouts: Letters and Documents About Their Service

 The 1877 Winter Campaign Documents

These documents provide insights into the Scouts harsh and dangerous work conditions. Between Nov.14 and Dec. 16, 1877, they marched 610 miles in pursuit of  a band of Mescalero Apaches.  On Thanksgiving Day, Nov. 29, 1877,  what was a physically challenging expedition erupted into armed conflict. 

Updated with a list of Scouts enlisted during this expedition. 

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