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Throughout the year, the Society will post selected original documents and transcriptions of military correspondence to help deepen and foster a broader understanding about the origins of the Seminole Negro Indian Scouts and their interactions with the U.S. Government and Military.
Origins of the Scouts
These first six letters document the creation of the Scouts, starting from military reports about the initial discussions with the Seminole Negroes living in Mexico to the first Muster-In-Roll of the first 11 Seminole Negro Indian Scouts at Fort Duncan, TX.
April 26, 1870: Bureau of Indian Affairs Commissioner Ely Parker to Secretary of the Interior J.D Cox
May 21, 1870: AAG Clay Wood for General Reynolds, Commanding Dept of Texas, to Captain Perry, Commanding, Fort Duncan
July 14, 1870: Major Zenas Bliss, newly Commanding, Fort Duncan to Assistant Adjutant General Clay Wood
July 20, 1870: AAG Clay Wood and J.J. Reynolds, Commanding Dept of Texas, to Major Zenas Bliss, Commanding, Fort Duncan
Riding with the Scouts: Letters and Documents About Their Service
The 1877 Winter Campaign Documents
These documents provide insights into the Scouts harsh and dangerous work conditions. Between Nov.14 and Dec. 16, 1877, they marched 610 miles in pursuit of a band of Mescalero Apaches. On Thanksgiving Day, Nov. 29, 1877, what was a physically challenging expedition erupted into armed conflict.
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