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Primary Documents

Throughout the year, the Society will post selected original documents and transcriptions of military correspondence to help deepen and foster a broader understanding about the origins of the Seminole Negro Indian Scouts and their interactions with the U.S. Government and Military. 
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Origins of the Seminole Negro Indian Scouts

This booklet contains 50 transcribed letters that provide firsthand contemporary accounts of how the Seminole Negroes negotiated service as Scouts to support themselves while waiting for transit from Texas back to “Indian Territory” (modern-day Oklahoma). This is the only work of its kind, as it shows the origins of the Scouts and the evolution of their journey in detail through original documentation from Library of Congress records that have never been transcribed and made available before. 

 

Click the image to read an except. The complete booklet is available for purchase in the Store.

Correspondence

These first six letters document the creation of the Scouts, starting from military reports about the initial discussions with the Seminole Negroes living in Mexico to the first Muster-In-Roll of the first 11 Seminole Negro Indian Scouts at Fort Duncan, TX.
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Riding with the Scouts: Letters and Documents About Their Service
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 The 1877 Winter Campaign Documents

These documents provide insights into the Scouts harsh and dangerous work conditions. Between Nov.14 and Dec. 16, 1877, they marched 610 miles in pursuit of  a band of Mescalero Apaches.  On Thanksgiving Day, Nov. 29, 1877,  what was a physically challenging expedition erupted into armed conflict. 

Updated with a list of Scouts enlisted during this expedition. 

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